One Health in the Kavango-Zambezi (Kaza) Transfrontier Conservation Area with Nambya people, Zimbabwe

One Health in the Kavango-Zambezi (Kaza) Transfrontier Conservation Area with Nambya people, Zimbabwe

The Nambya people of Zimbabwe live along Hwange National Park which is part of the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (Kaza-TFCA) in southern Africa. Encompassing 35 conservation areas over five countries (Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Namibia, Angola) the Kaza- TFCA covers 500,000 km2 and represents the largest conservation area in the world, also holding the largest population of African elephant.

The Nambya community originated from the Great Zimbabwe Rozvi empire and settled in what was the original land of the Tonga. They have always derived their subsistence from cattle rearing and farming but now see their livelihood threatened by increasing droughts and human-wildlife conflict, especially with elephant and lion.


North-west Zimbabwe

Hwange National Park

Threatened Ecosystem and Wildlife

Arid savanna woodland, Kalahari desert

Elephant, brown hyena, wild dog, lion, gemsbok

Local people

Nambya people

One Health Challenges Human-wildlife conflict, under-nutrition, no sources of income, zoonotic diseases, water rarefaction, soil erosion, climate change
  • Improved animal health management
  • Develop alternative sources of income for women
  • Integrated water management


The Challenge: 

Nambya people live around Hwange National Park which harbor around 50,000 elephants. Their livelihood has traditionally been based on cattle rearing and farming but is now threatened by severe droughts and the depletion of hydrological resources, recurrent episodes of food insecurity worsened by an important human-wildlife conflict, livestock poor health and predation by lion.  Food and water security challenges well as human-wildlife conflict are exacerbated by climate change.

Our Impact:

We are improving the livelihood of Nyamba communities by supporting farmers to enhance livestock health care and adapt management techniques to climate change by using Holistic Planned Grazing, which also contributes to decrease the incidence of cattle attacks by lions. The integrated management of declining water resources and the development of nutrition gardens will also ensure that women and their families see their food and water security, as well as family health, ameliorated.

Our Partners

  • IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature
  • RVC - Royal Vetinary College University of London
  • WCS - Wildlife Conservation Society
  • ZSL
  • Annenberg Foundation
  • Conservation and Wildlife Fund
  • Foundation - Virbac
  • Network for the Evaluation of One Health
  • African bushcamps foundation
  • Cordio - east africa
  • European Union
  • Exeter University
  • Lion reserve
  • L Fremer
  • WildCRU - Wildlife Conservation Research Unit
  • Wild Programme - Wildlife in Livelihood Development
  • World Bank
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